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Apuntes - Conversaciones (November 5, 2020)

Topic: Heath & Well-being


Santiago: Hola Maya, how are you?

Maya: Hey, good to see you! Estoy bien. But I was sick last weekend!

S: Oh no, did you catch a cold?

M: No, I had a stomach bug or something. I had diarrhea and fever Friday night.

S: That sounds terrible. Did you see a doctor?

M: I went to the urgent care. They gave me some antibiotics.

S: That’s good. I am glad you feel better!

M: How about you? You look tired.

S: I just did not have enough sleep because of my work.

M: Make sure you take a deep breath and work out regularly. You should take care of yourself.




Illness/Enfermedad

Dolor de estómago = stomachache

Dolor de Cabeza = headache

Dolor de espalda = backache

Dolor de oído = earache

Dolor de muela = toothache

Dolor de garganta = sore throat

Resfriado = cold

Gripe = flu

Infarto/Ataque cardíaco = heart attack

Diabetes = diabetes

I have a ____. I have a stomachache.

I catch a cold. (pasado, caught, I caught a cold)

Siempre agarro un resfriado en el invierno.

I always catch a cold in the winter.

I have a pain in my stomach.tengo un dolor en el estómago

I have a pain in my neck.

I have a pain in my shoulder .

I have a pain in my arm.

My ____ hurts.

me duele la espalda

My back hurts.

My neck hurts.

My arm hurts.

My knee hurts.

Lengua = tongue

Santiago: Hola Maya, how are you?

Maya: Hey, good to see you! Estoy bien. But I was sick last weekend!

Qué bueno verte. Estoy bien. Pero me enfermé el fin de semana pasado.

I am sick. Estoy enferma/o.

I was sick. Estaba enferma/o. (pasado)

You are sick.

You were sick. (pasado)

Are you sick? ¿Esta enferma/o?

Were you sick? Estabas

S: Oh no, did you catch a cold?

Oh no, ¿te resfrias?

M: No, I had a stomach bug or something. I had diarrhea and fever Friday night.

No, tuve un problema del estómago. o algo así. Tuve diarrea y fiebre el viernes por la noche.

· Stomach bug: el virus o la infección del estómago

· Stomachache (dolor, pain)

· Symptoms (síntoma) of a stomach bug or virus diarrhea

· Abdominal pain

· Nausea. I feel nauseous.

· Fever. I have a fever.

· Headache

diarrea

Tez dolor abdominal

Nausea

Fiebre/calentura

S: That sounds terrible. Did you see a doctor?

Eso suena terrible. ¿Viste a un médico?

M: I went to the urgent care. They gave me some antibiotics.

Fui a the urgent care. Me dieron antibióticos.

Grammar!!

I go – voy

Pasado?

I went

El pasado irregular

eat (comer) – pasado? ate

I ate hamburger last night.

run (correr) – pasado? ran

I ran five miles yesterday.

El pasado regular

Verbo + d, ed, ied

I like you – I liked you

I watch TV – I watched TV

I study English – I studied English.

S: That’s good. I am glad you feel better!

Está bien. ¡Me alegra que te sientas mejor!

When someone is sick, what can you say? Cuando alguien está enfermo, ¿qué puedes decir?

Feel better! I hope you feel better!

Get well! I hope you get well soon!

Get well = ponerse bien

M: How about you? You look tired.

¿Y tú? Te ves cansado.

You look bored.

Very tired = exhausted. You look exhausted.

S: I just did not have enough sleep because of my work.

No tuve suficiente sueño debido a mi trabajo.

Insomnia

Last night, I couldn’t sleep well.

I cannot sleep very well.

I have a sleep deprivation.

sleep deprivation/la privación de sueño

light sleeper (ligero o liviando) o heavy (pesado) sleeper

A light sleeper is a person who wakes up easily. (sueno ligero)

M: Make sure you take a deep breath and work out regularly. You should take care of yourself.

Asegúrete de respirar hondo y hacer ejercicio regularmente. Deberías cuidarte.

Conversation Practice (Breakout Rooms)

What do you do to stay healthy? ¿Qué hace para mantener la salud?

She walks.

She exercises.

Drink a lot of water.

Sleep for 8 hours.

Wear a mask.

Clean the house, dust (polvo) the house

Go for a walk

Eat a lot of vegetables

Less stress = try not to get stressed. (trate de no estresarse)

Do not eat fast food (junk food)

Take a nap

Try not to eat too much sugar = avoid sugar

Dance

Avoid = evitar

Healthy habits

  • Take vitamins

  • Exercise

  • Drink a lot of water

  • Stay warm (wear warm clothes)

  • Wash your hands

  • Read books

  • Meditate (meditar)

  • Yoga

  • Deep breath (breathing)

  • Sing

  • Pray

Unhealthy habits

  • Fast food (junk food)

  • Stress

  • Drink too much

  • Smoke

  • Sleep deprivation (don’t sleep enough)

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