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Apuntes (13, Octubre, 2021)

What do you see?

Lake, a boat, reflections, clouds,




It looks like it is getting dark.


The sun is going down. (sunset)


Sunset – sunrise


It is a beautiful sunset.


A reflection of a sunset is beautiful.


There is a boat in the water.











Street, neighborhood, residential area, cloudy,



It looks like it is going to rain.


Fog (sustantivo) Foggy


It is foggy.


There is a sidewalk.


There are smaller and bigger trees.





Beach, sky, water reflection, clouds, ocean, sun, sand,


The ocean is beautiful with water reflections.


The sun is rising. (rise = subir, rising – subiendo)












Santiago: Hola Maya, how are you?
Maya: Bien! But I was sick last weekend!
S: Oh no, did you catch a cold?
M: No, I had a stomach bug or something. I had diarrhea and fever Friday night.
S: That sounds terrible. Did you see a doctor?
M: I went to the urgent care. They gave me some antibiotics.
S: That’s good. I am glad you feel better!
M: How about you? You look tired.
S: I just did not have enough sleep because of my work.
M: Make sure you take a deep breath and work out regularly. You should take care of yourself.


Illness/Enfermedad


Dolor de estómago = stomachache

Dolor de Cabeza = Headache

Dolor de espalda = Backache

Dolor de oído = earache

Dolor de muela = toothache

Dolor de garganta = sore throat

Resfriado = cold o flu

Gripe = flu

Infarto/Ataque cardíaco = heart attack

Diabetes = diabetes



I have a ____. I have a stomachache.

I catch a cold. (pasado, caught, I caught a cold)

Siempre agarro un resfriado en el invierno.

I always catch a cold in the winter.


My ____ hurts.

me duele la espalda


My back hurts.

My neck hurts.

My arm hurts.

My knee hurts.



Santiago: Hola Maya, how are you?


Maya: Hey, good to see you! But I was sick last weekend!

Qué bueno verte. Estoy bien. Pero me enfermé el fin de semana pasado.


I am sick. Estoy enferma/o.

I was sick. Estaba enferma/o. (pasado)


You are sick.

You were sick. (pasado)


Are you sick? ¿Esta enferma/o?

Were you sick? Estabas


S: Oh no, did you catch a cold?

Oh no, ¿te resfrias?



M: No, I had a stomach bug or something. I had diarrhea and fever Friday night.

No, tuve un problema del estómago. o algo así. Tuve diarrea y fiebre el viernes por la noche.


· Stomach bug: el virus o la infección del estómago

· Stomachache (dolor, pain)


· Symptoms (síntoma) of a stomach bug or virus diarrhea

· Abdominal pain

· Nausea. I feel nauseous.

· Fever. I have a fever.

· Headache


diarrea

Tez dolor abdominal

Nausea

Fiebre/calentura



S: That sounds terrible. Did you see a doctor?

Eso suena terrible. ¿Viste a un médico?


M: I went to the urgent care. They gave me some antibiotics.

Fui a the urgent care. Me dieron antibióticos.


Grammar!!

I go – voy

Pasado?

I went

El pasado irregular


eat (comer) – pasado? ate

I ate hamburger last night.

run (correr) – pasado? ran

I ran five miles yesterday.


Verbo (irregular)

Read – pasado? Read I read a book yesterday.

Sing – pasado? Sang, I sang yesterday.

Make – pasado? Made, I made a cake yesterday.


El pasado regular

Verbo + d, ed, ied


I like you – I liked you

I watch TV – I watched TV

I study English – I studied English.


I walk today. – I walked yesterday

I work today – I worked yesterday

I clean today – I cleaned yesterday

I wash today – I washed yesterday


S: That’s good. I am glad you feel better!

Está bien. ¡Me alegra que te sientas mejor!


When someone is sick, what can you say? Cuando alguien está enfermo, ¿qué puedes decir?


Feel better! I hope you feel better!

Get well! I hope you get well soon!


Get well = ponerse bien



M: How about you? You look tired.

¿Y tú? Te ves cansado.


You look bored.

Very tired = exhausted. You look exhausted.


S: I just did not have enough sleep because of my work.

No tuve suficiente sueño debido a mi trabajo.



Do you get enough sleep? 8 hours?


What time do you wake up?


What time do you go to bed?


When do you graduate?


Insomnia

Last night, I couldn’t sleep well.

I cannot sleep very well.

I have a sleep deprivation.

sleep deprivation/la privación de sueño


light sleeper (ligero o liviando) o heavy (pesado) sleeper

A light sleeper is a person who wakes up easily. (sueno ligero)

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